Local Language Key to Government Jobs: A State-by-State Overview

Several Indian states have made mastery of the local language required for government employment in an effort to defend local rights and advance regional languages. The latest decisions and their ramifications are discussed in this column.


Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma declared on July 10 that government job choosing now requires knowledge in the local language. This choice seeks to safeguard the rights and interests of the Assamese people. Sarma underlined that as a Permanent Resident Certificate (PRC) can only be obtained after three years of Assam residence. This ruling followed a contentious notification by the Higher Education Department exempting the PRC requirement for some positions, which Sarma stated was issued without government consent.

India’s Karnataka

A bill the Karnataka government proposed in the Assembly requiring reserves for Kannadigas in professional courses and higher education was adopted It also ties any industry incentives or grants-in-aid to create employment for nearby residents. According to the measure, Kannadigas are Karnataka inhabitants who have known Kannada reading and writing for at least 15 years. Included are penal clauses covering infractions.


To further local culture, Telangana enforced local language competency for government employment in 2016. Effective work performance in areas like revenue and agriculture depends on knowing local terminology like “Khushki,” or “Tari,” according to TSPSC Chairman Ghanta Chakrapani. The recruitment syllabus so include questions on the Telangana dialect.

Jharkhand is

In 2021 the Hemant Soren Cabinet passed a policy mandating government employment understanding of regional and tribal languages. Candidates must pass at least 30% in one of the regional or tribal languages—Mundari, Kharia, Ho, and others. This strategy seeks to guarantee candidates know local customs, language, and culture.


The Punjab Cabinet authorised amendments in 2022 to guarantee thorough Punjabi knowledge for posts in Group C and D state administration. Under Chief Minister Bhagwant Mann, this choice seeks to preserve Punjabi cultural values. To meet this need, Punjab Civil Services and Group D Service Rules underwent amendments.

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu mandated Tamil proficiency for state-run public sector companies and state government operations in 2021. There is now a required Tamil language paper on all competitive tests. Those who fail have to either risk dismissal or serve two years of appointment. This choice seeks to guarantee candidates speak the official language of the state.

In December 2021, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said that state government employment should give local residents and those fluent in the native language top priority. This approach is meant to simplify administrative tasks and guarantee efficient government.

Union Government Effort

Union Minister Jitendra Singh declared in 2023 that the Centre would run government job recruitment tests in 15 languages to guarantee no young person misses out on chances because of language restrictions. This historic choice seeks to support regional languages and increase local young engagement.

These policies show increasing awareness of the need of regional languages for public administration and government. These states want to preserve cultural legacy and guarantee efficient communication inside government services by giving local language competency top priority.

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